Your little dreamers naturally understand the power and importance of having hopes and wishes, so learning about Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and his infamous speech is the perfect way to honor Black History any time of the year. Teach your kiddos to dream big and by learning more about this chief spokesman for nonviolent activism, civil rights and the end of racial segregation. Read on to get started.

MLK

Martin Luther King Jr. was born on Jan. 15, 1929. His birth name was actually Michael but was changed to Martin by his father (who also changed his name) in 1934 (after Martin Luther, the leader of the Protestant Reformation in the 1500s).

He started college when he was just 15.

According to the King Center he was jailed 30 times for charges such as civil disobedience.

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was instrumental in getting the Civil Rights Act of 1964 passed. This act outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin. It made it illegal to segregate based on race in schools, the workplace and public accomodations (or facilities that serve the general public including hospitals and libraries). It may be hard for your kiddos to believe that there was once a time when children could not drink from the same drinking fountain or use the same bathroom because of the color of their skin! MLK fought to end that.

He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in April of 1964.

One of the best ways kids can understand what he was all about is by listening to his famous “I have a dream” speech, which he made on Aug. 28, 1963. Older kids can check out this pdf of the complete text of the speech and read along. Kids of any age can listen in through the link below.

How do you talk to your kiddos about discrimination, racism and justice? Tell us about in the comments below. 

—Amber Guetebier

photo: wikimedia commons